The Knee, ISSN: 1873-5800, Vol: 21, Issue: 6, Page: 1124-8

In vivo kinematic analysis of posterior-stabilized total knee arthroplasty for the valgus knee operated by the gap-balancing technique

Suzuki, Koji; Hara, Noriyuki; Mikami, Susumu; Tomita, Tetsuya; Iwamoto, Keiji; Yamazaki, Takaharu; Sugamoto, Kazuomi; Matsuno, Shigeo


Most in vivo kinematic studies of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) report on the varus knee. The objective of the present study was to evaluate in vivo kinematics of a posterior-stabilized fixed-bearing TKA operated on a valgus knee during knee bending in weight-bearing (WB) and non-weight-bearing (NWB).


A total of sixteen valgus knees in 12 cases that underwent TKA with Scorpio NRG PS knee prosthesis and that were operated on using the gap balancing technique were evaluated. We evaluated the in vivo kinematics of the knee using fluoroscopy and femorotibial translation relative to the tibial tray using a 2-dimensional to 3-dimensional registration technique.


The average flexion angle was 111.3° ± 7.5° in WB and 114.9° ± 8.4° in NWB. The femoral component demonstrated a mean external rotation of 5.9° ± 5.8° in WB and 7.4° ± 5.2° in NWB. In WB and NWB, the femoral component showed a medial pivot pattern from 0° to midflexion and a bicondylar rollback pattern from midflexion to full flexion. The medial condyle moved similarly in the WB condition and in the NWB condition. The lateral condyle moved posteriorly at a slightly earlier angle during the WB condition than during the NWB condition.


We conclude that similar kinematics after TKA can be obtained with the gap balancing technique for the preoperative valgus deformity when compared to the kinematics of a normal knee, even though the magnitude of external rotation was small. Level of evidence: IV.

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