In vivo femorotibial kinematics of medial-stabilized total knee arthroplasty correlates to post-operative clinical outcomesAlesi, D., Marcheggiani Muccioli, G., Roberti di Sarsina, T. et al.
To evaluate if there was a correlation between in vivo kinematics of a medial-stabilized (MS) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and post-operative clinical scores. We hypothesized that (1) a MS-TKA would produce a medial pivot movement and that (2) this specific pattern would be correlated with higher clinical scores.
18 patients were evaluated through clinical and functional scores evaluation (Knee Society Score clinical and functional, Womac, Oxford), and kinematically through dynamic radiostereometric analysis (RSA) at 9 months after MS-TKA, during the execution of a sit-to-stand and a lunge motor task. The anteroposterior (AP) Low Point translation of medial and lateral femoral compartments was compared through Student’s t test (p < 0.05). A correlation analysis between scores and kinematics was performed through the Pearson’s correlation coefficient r.
A significantly greater (p < 0.0001) anterior translation of the lateral compartment with respect to the medial one was found in both sit-to-stand (medial 2.9 mm ± 0.7 mm, lateral 7.1 mm ± 0.6 mm) and lunge (medial 5.3 mm ± 0.9 mm, lateral 10.9 mm ± 0.7 mm) motor tasks, thus resulting in a medial pivot pattern in about 70% of patients. Significant positive correlation in sit-to-stand was found between the peak of AP translation in the lateral compartment and clinical scores (r = 0.59 for Knee Society Score clinical and r = 0.61 for Oxford). Moreover, we found that the higher peak of AP translation of the medial compartment correlated with lower clinical scores (r = − 0.55 for Knee Society Score clinical, r = − 0.61 for Womac and r = − 0.53 for Oxford) in the lunge. A negative correlation was found between Knee Society Score clinical and VV laxity during sit-to-stand (r = − 0.56) and peak of external rotation in the lunge motor task (r = − 0.66).
The MS-TKA investigated produced in vivo a medial pivot movement in about 70% of patients in both examined motor tasks. There was a correlation between the presence of medial pivot and higher post-operative scores.
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