International Orthopaedics October 2012, Volume 36, Issue 10, pp 2073–2077

In vivo comparisons of patellofemoral kinematics before and after ADVANCE® Medial-Pivot total knee arthroplasty

Ishida, K., Matsumoto, T., Tsumura, N. et al.
Knee

Purpose

ADVANCE® Medial-Pivot (MP) (Wright Medical Technology, Arlington, TN, USA) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) was developed to replicate normal tibiofemoral knee joint kinematics, allowing medial-pivot knee motion. The design concept of the prosthesis is unique; therefore, the influence on the patellofemoral knee joint remains unclear at present. The purpose of this study was to determine the in vivo patellofemoral kinematics with ADVANCE® MP TKA and compare them with the pre-operative conditions.

Methods

ADVANCE® MP TKA was performed in ten subjects with osteoarthritis (OA). At before and one month after surgery, lateral radiographs with weight-bearing at maximum extension, 30, 60 and 90° were taken, and patella flexion angle (PF), tibiopatellar angle (TP) and estimated patellofemoral contact point (PC) were evaluated, according to a previously reported method.

Results

In PF and TP, there was no statistically significant change between pre-operative and postoperative values. Pre-operative PC reached its peak at 90°; however, its peak was at 60° at one month after surgery. Postoperative PC at maximum extension was significantly higher compared to before surgery.

Conclusions

The results in this study indicated that ADVANCE® MP TKA changed patellofemoral joint kinematics compared to before surgery. Early postoperative evaluation is the limitation of this study; however, we consider that the results in this study might be one of the keys to resolving the kinematic features of this prosthesis, helping clinicians to comprehend this prosthesis.


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