In‐Vivo knee kinematics in rotationally unconstrained total knee arthroplastyFabio Catani Claudio Belvedere Andrea Ensini Alessandro Feliciangeli Sandro Giannini Alberto Leardini
Total knee replacement designs claim characteristic kinematic performance that is rarely assessed in patients. In the present study, in vivo kinematics of a new prosthesis design was measured during activities of daily living. This design is posterior stabilized for which spine–cam interaction coordinates free axial rotation throughout the flexion–extension arc by means of a single radius of curvature for the femoral condyles in the sagittal and frontal planes. Fifteen knees were implanted with this prosthesis, and 3D video‐fluoroscopic analysis was performed at 6‐month follow‐up for three motor tasks. The average range of flexion was 70.1° (range: 60.1–80.2°) during stair‐climbing, 74.7° (64.6–84.8°) during chair‐rising, and 64.1° (52.9–74.3°) during step‐up. The corresponding average rotation on the tibial base‐plate of the lines between the medial and lateral contact points was 9.4° (4.0–22.4°), 11.4° (4.6–22.7°), and 11.3° (5.1–18.0°), respectively. The pivot point for these lines was found mostly in the central area of the base‐plate. Nearly physiological range of axial rotation can be achieved at the replaced knee during activities of daily living.