The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 36, Issue 2, 442 - 448

Improvement in Sleep Patterns After Hip and Knee Arthroplasty: A Prospective Study in 780 Patients

Van Meirhaeghe, Jan P. et al.
Hip Knee

Background

This study assessed change in sleep patterns before and after total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and its relationship to patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs).

Methods

Between July 2016 and June 2018, surgical data and PROMs were collected on 780 subjects before and 12 months after THA or TKA. PROMs included Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score, patient satisfaction, and 2 questions from the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index.

Results

Before surgery, 35% (270 of 780) reported poor quality sleep. Sleep quality and duration were worse in females over males, and in THA patients (39%) over TKA patients (30%; P = .011). Of those reporting bad sleep, 74% (201 of 270) were improved after arthroplasty. Satisfaction was higher in subjects reporting good sleep quality (626 of 676; 93%) compared with those reporting bad sleep quality (67 of 86; 78%) ( P = .001). Sleep was positively correlated with better Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score/Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score ( r = 0.2-0.3).

Conclusion

Improvement in sleep quality and duration can be expected after THA and TKA and is associated with better outcome scores and satisfaction.

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