The Knee, ISSN: 1873-5800, Vol: 21, Issue: 6, Page: 1216-20

Improved alignment and operating room efficiency with patient-specific instrumentation for TKA

Renson, Luc; Poilvache, Pascal; Van den Wyngaert, Hans
Knee

Background

Achieving accurate alignment in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remains a concern. Patient-specific instrumentation (PSI) produced using preoperative 3D models was developed to offer surgeons a simplified, reliable, efficient and customised TKA procedure.

Methods

In this prospective study, 60 patients underwent TKA with conventional instrumentation and 71 patients were operated on using PSI. The primary endpoint was surgical time. Secondary endpoints included operating room (OR) time, the number of instrument trays used and postoperative radiographic limb alignment.

Results

Compared to conventional instrumentation, PSI significantly reduced total surgical time by 8.9 ± 3.3 min (p = 0.038), OR time by 8.6 ± 4.2 min (p = 0.043), and the number of instrument trays by six trays (p < 0.001). Mechanical axis malalignment of the lower limb of > 3° was observed in 13% of PSI patients versus 29% with conventional instrumentation (p = 0.043). PSI predicted the size of the femoral and tibial components actually used in 85.9% and 78.9% of cases, respectively.

Conclusion

PSI improves alignment, surgical and OR time, reduces the number of instruments trays used compared to conventional instrumentation in patients undergoing TKA and results in fewer outliers in overall mechanical alignment in the coronal plane.

Level of evidence II

Prospective comparative therapeutic study.

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