The Journal of Arthroplasty , Volume 33 , Issue 9 , 2893 - 2898

Implant Survival and Patient-Reported Outcomes After Total Hip Arthroplasty in Young Patients

Swarup, Ishaan et al.
Hip

Background

Younger patients are undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) for various conditions that affect the hip joint. This study evaluates the implant survival and long-term patient-reported outcomes of THA in patients aged 35 years or younger.

Methods

Data were collected through a retrospective chart review, and follow-up surveys were conducted to determine implant survival and patient-reported outcomes. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed to evaluate implant survival, and the hip disability and osteoarthritis outcome score (HOOS) was used to describe patient-reported outcomes. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize baseline and follow-up data, and univariate and multivariate analyses were used to compare implant survival and patient-reported outcomes.

Results

This study included 400 patients (548 THAs). The average age at the time of surgery was 27 (range: 8-35) years, and the mean time to follow-up was 14 (range: 2-29.7) years. The 10- and 20-year implant survival was 87% and 61%, respectively. Implant survival differed based on primary diagnosis (P = .05), and it was significantly better in patients aged 25 years or older at the time of surgery, male patients, and patients with ceramic-on-ceramic or ceramic-on-plastic implants (P < .05). Mean HOOS scores at follow-up were 86 for pain, 84 for symptoms, 86 for ADLs, and 77 for sports. All HOOS scores were significantly worse after revision THA (P< .01).

Conclusion

Young patients have good implant survival and favorable long-term outcomes after THA. There are several predictors of implant survival and patient-reported outcomes after THA in young patients.


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