The Journal of Arthroplasty , Volume 33 , Issue 7 , 2038 - 2042

Impact of Perioperative HbA1c on Reimbursements in Diabetes Mellitus Patients Undergoing Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Nationwide Analysis

Kurowicki, Jennifer et al.
Hip

Background

Patients who have diabetes mellitus (DM) are at an increased risk of postoperative complications following total hip arthroplasty (THA). Therefore, much interest has been paid to perioperative glycemic control. However, no prior studies have evaluated the patient variation of HbA1c levels on costs. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of obtaining preoperative HbA1c levels on (1) day of surgery (DOS) cost; (2) subsequent 89-day costs; and (3) global 90-day cost.

Methods

A retrospective query of the Humana insurance claims database was performed from 2007 to 2015 for all DM patients undergoing THA. Only patients with HbA1c (%) levels within 3 months before or after the THA were included. Patients were stratified into 6 groups based on HbA1c starting at 5.5% and increasing by 1% increments to 11.5%; one additional group (11.5%-20%) for extreme cases was analyzed. Correlations between HbA1c level and reimbursements for DOS, subsequent 89-day, and global 90-day period were performed.

Results

HbA1c level demonstrated a significant correlation to DOS (correlation coefficient = 0.664), subsequent 89-day (correlation coefficient = 0.789), and global 90-day period (correlation coefficient = 0.747) costs. DOS, 89-day, and global 90-day costs significantly increased with increasing HbA1c levels (P < .0001).

Conclusion

Higher perioperative HbA1c levels increase the DOS, subsequent 89-day, and global 90-day costs of THA. This was expected as these patients require multidisciplinary care, have longer LOS, and develop more complications. Further investigation into postoperative complications based on glycemic control is warranted.


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