The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 29, Issue 9, 1842 - 1845

Impact of Metabolic Syndrome on Perioperative Complication Rates After Total Joint Arthroplasty Surgery

Gage, Mark J. et al.
Hip Knee

This study investigated the impact of metabolic syndrome (MetS) on perioperative and postoperative complication rates: the results of a cohort of 168 total hip and knee arthroplasties, 63 of normal weight, 105 with obesity without risk factors for metabolic syndrome and 39 with obesity and other factors that classify them with metabolic syndrome. Patients with metabolic syndrome were more likely to have complications than those without metabolic syndrome (P = 0.0156). Perioperative and postoperative complication rates for the MetS and control groups were 35.9% and 16.3%, respectively. Elevated BMI was the element of MetS that had the largest impact on post-surgical complication rates, and this was statistically significant (P = 0.0028). The presence of MetS in patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty has a significant impact on surgical complication rates. This cannot be attributed to the BMI component alone, and may help guide efforts of patient optimization prior to total joint arthroplasty.

Download article