Impact of a tailored activity counselling intervention during inpatient rehabilitation after knee and hip arthroplasty – an explorative RCTMirko Brandes, Norman Wirsik, Hanna Niehoff, Jörg Heimsoth & Bernd Möhring
The aim of the study was to improve physical activity (PA), well-being and clinical outcome after total knee and hip arthroplasty through tailored activity counselling during inpatient rehabilitation.
65 patients (aged 70.4 ± 7.3 years, BMI 28.5 ± 4.3) starting inpatient rehabilitation after primary knee or hip arthroplasty due to osteoarthritis were recruited and pseudo-randomized into an intervention (IG) and a control group (CG). Twice a week, the IG was encouraged to increase their daily step count by 5%. PA, e. g. number of steps, step frequency, or active minutes, was measured by step activity monitoring. Well-being and clinical outcome were assessed using the SF-36, Oxford Knee/Hip Score and Global rating of Change. Procedures were conducted at the onset of inpatient rehabilitation, and repeated one and 6 months after inpatient rehabilitation.
Data sets were obtained from 49 patients (IG: n = 23, CG: n = 26). Both groups significantly increased their number of daily steps from the 1 month to the 6 months follow up after rehabilitation: CG: 9019 (95%CI: 7812, 10,226), IG: 9280 (7972, 10,588) and CG: 10921 (9571, 12,271), IG: 11326 (9862, 12,791) respectively. Additionally, well-being and clinical outcome improved significantly in both groups. No significant differences in physical activity, clinical outcome and well-being were found between the groups.
PA counselling during inpatient rehabilitation does not improve PA, well-being and clinical outcome in patients with primary knee or hip arthroplasty in addition to the rehabilitation program. PA interventions may be more effective after the completion of the inpatient rehabilitation phase.
DRKS DRKS00012682. Registered retrospectively on 03–07- 2017.