The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 32, Issue 6, 1829 - 1833

How Much Does the Anatomical Tibial Component Improve the Bony Coverage in Total Knee Arthroplasty?

Jin, Cheng et al.
Knee

Background

Recently, anatomical designs in total knee arthroplasty are introduced to address asymmetry of the resected tibia cutting surface. It is still not well known how much improvement would be achieved in total knee arthroplasty, especially in Asian knees.

Methods

We evaluated the bony coverage of 4 commercially available posterior-stabilized tibial designs (3 symmetrical: NexGen, Attune, and Vega; 1 anatomical: Persona) by measuring uncovered areas over 3 different regions: lateroposterior (LP), medioposterior (MP), and mediolateral (ML) areas. The implant size was chosen based on lateral anteroposterior dimension of the implant that most closely matched the corresponding surface of tibia. The knee with over coverage <1 mm and under coverage <2 mm was regarded as having optimal fit.

Results

The optimal fit of anatomical design in LP dimension was achieved in 76% of the cases, which was not significantly different from other symmetrical designs (P > .05). The anatomical tibial implant had a more optimal fit in MP and ML dimensions (48% and 42%, respectively) compared to all symmetric designs (P < .05). All symmetrical tibial designs had significant absolute underhang in MP (62%-78%) and ML (24%-34%) areas without difference. The anatomical tibial design had significant improvement for posteromedial coverage by about 69.8%-74.3% compared with the symmetrical designs.

Conclusion

Recently introduced anatomical tibial design improves surface coverage at the medioposterior dimension in Asian knees. Moreover, there is small improvement in ML fit compared with the symmetrical designs.


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