How do global sagittal alignment and posture change after total hip arthroplasty?Kim, Y., Pour, A.E. & Lazennec, J.Y.
Postural change after total hip arthroplasty (THA) is still a matter of discussion. Previous studies have mainly concentrated on the pelvic motions. We report the post-operative changes of the global sagittal posture using pelvic, spinal, and lower extremities parameters.
139 patients (primary THA, without previous spinal or lower extremity surgery) were included. We measured pelvic parameters [SS, sacral slope; PI, pelvic incidence; PT, pelvic tilt; APP angle, anterior pelvic plane angle] and the global posture parameters (SVA, sagittal vertical angle; GSA, global sagittal angle; TPA, T1 pelvic angle). Patients were categorized into low PI group < 45°, 45° < medium PI < 65°, and high PI > 65°.
Mean GSA and SVA decreased post-operatively (p = 0.005 and p = 0.004 respectively). The TPA change was not significant (p = 0.078). In the low PI group, GSA (5.4 ± 5.0 to 4.3 ± 4.0, p = 0.005) and SVA (5.4 ± 4.9 to 4.2 ± 4.1, p = 0.038) decreased with more posterior pelvic tilt. Post-operative TPA was significantly higher (8.4 ± 10.6 to 9.8 ± 10.7; p = 0.048). In the medium PI group, SVA decreased (4.2 ± 4.6 to 3.6 ± 4.5, p = 0.020) with more posterior pelvic tilt. In the high PI group, pelvic and global posture parameters did not evolve significantly.
PI is the key determining factor in pelvic tilt modification after THA. Patients with low PI demonstrate significant modification in spine, pelvic, and lower extremities. Pelvic tilt is the main adaptation mechanism for medium incidence patients whereas pelvic tilt does not change in high PI patients after surgery.