The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 31, Issue 10, 2130 - 2138

Hospital, Patient, and Clinical Factors Influence 30- and 90-Day Readmission After Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty

Kurtz, Steven M. et al.


The purpose of this study was to analyze the hospital, clinical, and patient factors associated with inpatient readmission after total hip arthroplasty (THA) in the Medicare population and to understand the primary reasons for readmission.


The Medicare 100% national hospital claims database was used to identify 442,333 older patients (65+) with a primary THA in 3730 hospitals between 2010 and 2013. A multilevel logistic regression analysis with a clustered data structure was used to investigate the risk of all-cause 30- and 90-day readmission, incorporating hospital, clinical, and patient factors.


At 30 days, 5.8% (median) of the patients were readmitted, whereas at 90 days, 10.5% (median) were readmitted. Geographic census region, hospital procedure volume, and nonprofit ownership were the only significant hospital factors among those we studied. Overall, clinical factors explained more of the variation in readmission rates than general hospital factors. Use of a perioperative transfusion was associated with 14% greater risk, patients discharged to home had 28% lower risk, and surgeon volume and length of stay were also significant risk factors. The top 5 most frequently reported primary reasons for 30-day readmission in THA were procedure related: dislocation (5.9%), deep infection (5.1%), wound infection (4.8%), periprosthetic fracture (4.4%), or hematoma (3.4%).


These findings support further optimization of the delivery of care—both intraoperative and postoperative—to reduce the broad variation in hospital readmissions.

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