Highly Cross-Linked Polyethylene Improves wear and Mid-Term Failure Rates for Young Total Hip Arthroplasty PatientsKeeney JA, Martell JM, Pashos G, Nelson CJ, Maloney WJ, Clohisy JC.
We compared clinical outcomes and polyethylene wear for 2 young primary THA patient cohorts (<50 years of age) at mid-term follow-up. In total, 72 patients (84 hips) received a coventional polyethylene liner (CPE) and 84 patients (89 hips) received a highly cross-linked polyethylene liner (HXLPE). Mean Harris Hip Score improved to 81 points for both groups. UCLA activity scores were higher for HXLPE patients (6.0 vs 5.3, p = 0.03), with lower mean linear wear (0.02 vs 0.13 mm/year, p<0.001) and lower mean volumetric wear (75.1 vs 229.8 mm3, p<0.001) at an average of 70 months follow-up. No HXLPE patient required revision for wear related concerns, compared to 5 CPE patients with revision for aseptic loosening or impending radiographic failure (0% vs 5.9%, p = 0.02). HXLPE is associated with reduced wear among young, active THA patients without increased risk of early mechanical failure.