Higher UHMWPE wear-rate in cementless compared with cemented cups with the Saturne® Dual-Mobility acetabular systemTabori-Jensen, S., Frølich, C., Hansen, T. B., Bøvling, S., Homilius, M., & Stilling, M. (2018).
Dual mobility (DM) total hip arthroplasty (THA) may reduce dislocation risk, but might increase the risk of high polyethylene (PE) wear due to double wearing surfaces.
127 patients (97 female) with 129 hips operated with THA after displaced femoral neck fracture FNF between 2005 and 2011, were seen for a cross-sectional clinical follow-up. Acetabular components were Saturne® DM cups with 28mm chrome-cobalt heads in UHMWPE. Cementless cups (n = 73) were hydroxyapatite coated. Radiographs were obtained for analysis of cup placement, 2D polyethylene wear and wear-rate (PolyWare 3D), and further radiological evaluation. Activity measurements included Timed Up and Go test (TUG) and walking distance from Harris Hip Score (HHS).
At a mean follow-up of 2.83 (1.0-7.7) years the mean wear was 0.82 mm (range 0.17-4.51, SD 0.50), and the wear-rate was 0.37 mm (range 0.06-1.90, SD 0.29). Wear-rate of 0.43 mm/year (SD 0.30) in cementless cups was higher (p = 0.004) than 0.30 mm/year (SD 0.27) in cemented cups. Mean age at time of surgery was 75.1 years (range 30-95). There was no correlation between age at time of surgery and wear (p = 0.56). There was no correlation between cup inclination and wear-rate (p = 0.35). TUG was mean 13.4 seconds (range 4.5-30.1) and correlated with wear rate (p = 0.03).
At short term follow-up, the mean wear-rate in old and low demand patients was high, correlated to activity, and was above the generally accepted osteolysis threshold (0.1 mm/yr.). Cementless HA-coated cups had higher wear-rate than cemented cups.