The Journal of Arthroplasty , Volume 33 , Issue 7 , 2279 - 2286

Higher Prevalence of Mixed or Solid Pseudotumors in Metal-on-Polyethylene Total Hip Arthroplasty Compared With Metal-on-Metal Total Hip Arthroplasty and Resurfacing Hip Arthroplasty

Hjorth, Mette Holm et al.
Hip

Background

Pseudotumors are a common finding in metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip arthroplasty (THA) and resurfacing hip arthroplasty (RHA). However, information on pseudotumors in metal-on-polyethylene (MoP) THA is limited.

Methods

One hundred eleven patients with 148 hip articulations—30 MoM THA, 47 MoM RHA, and 71 MoP THA—participated in a cross-sectional study at mean 7.1 (range: 0.2-21.5) years postoperatively. Patients were evaluated with metal artifact reducing sequence magnetic resonance imaging, measurements of metal ions, clinical scores of Harris Hip Score, Oxford Hip Score, the Copenhagen Hip and Groin Outcome Score, and conventional radiographs.

Results

Pseudotumors were present in 13 of 30 (43%) MoM THA, 13 of 47 (28%) MoM RHA, and 29 of 71 (41%) MoP THA patients, which was a similar prevalence (P = .10). The prevalence of mixed or solid pseudotumors was significantly higher in patients with MoP THA (n = 10) compared to MoM THA (n = 3) and MoM THA (n = 0), (P = .01). Hips with a mixed or solid pseudotumor had significantly poorer scores of Harris Hip Score (P = .01) and OHS (P = .002) and higher metal ion levels of cobalt (P = .0009) compared to hips without a pseudotumor or with a cystic pseudotumor.

Conclusion

Pseudotumors have primarily been associated with MoM hip articulations, but we found a similar pseudotumor prevalence in MoP THA, which is the most common bearing worldwide. Mixed or solid pseudotumors were more often seen in MoP THA compared with MoM hip articulations, and patients with a mixed or solid pseudotumor had poorer clinical scores and higher metal ion levels than patients without a pseudotumor or with a cystic pseudotumor.


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