The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 8, 1837 - 1843.e2

Hemiarthroplasty vs Total Hip Arthroplasty for the Management of Displaced Neck of Femur Fractures: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Lewis, Daniel P. et al.
Hip

Background

Displaced femoral neck fractures (DFNF) are common and can be treated with osteosynthesis, hemiarthroplasty (HA), or total hip arthroplasty (THA). There is no consensus as to which intervention is superior in managing DFNF.

Methods

Studies were identified through a systematic search of the MEDLINE database, EMBASE database, and Cochrane Controlled Trials. Included studies were randomized or controlled trials (1966 to August 2018) comparing THA with HA for the management of DFNF. (https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/PROSPERO Identifier: CRD42018110057).

Results

Seventeen studies were included totaling 1364 patients (660 THA and 704 HA). THA was found to be superior to HA in terms of risk of reoperation, Harris Hip Score and Quality of Life (Short Form 36). Overall, the risk of dislocation was greater in THA group than HA in the first 4 years, after which there was no difference. There was no difference between THA and HA in terms of mortality or infection.

Conclusion

Overall, THA appears to be superior to HA. THA should be the recommended intervention for DFNF in patients with a life expectancy >4 years and in patients younger than 80 years. However, both HA and THA are reasonable interventions in patients older than 80 years and with shorter life expectancy.

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