Hemiarthroplasty versus internal fixation for displaced intracapsular fractures of the hip in elderly menM. J. Parker
A total of 56 male patients with a displaced intracapsular fracture of the hip and a mean age of 81 years (62 to 94), were randomised to be treated with either a cemented hemiarthroplasty (the Exeter Trauma Stem) or reduction and internal fixation using the Targon Femoral Plate. All surviving patients were reviewed one year after the injury, at which time restoration of function and pain in the hip was assessed. There was no statistically significant difference in mortality between the two groups (7/26; 26.9% for hemiarthroplasty vs 10/30; 33.3% for internal fixation). No patient treated with a hemiarthroplasty required further surgery, but eight patients treated by internal fixation did (p = 0.005), five requiring hemiarthroplasty and three requiring total hip arthroplasty. Those treated by internal fixation had significantly more pain (p = 0.02). The restoration of mobility and independence were similar in the two groups.
These results indicate that cemented hemiarthroplasty gives better results than internal fixation in elderly men with a displaced intracapsular fracture of the hip.