The Knee, ISSN: 1873-5800, Vol: 19, Issue: 4, Page: 370-2

Gait analysis in patients with a preformed articulated knee spacer

N. Logoluso; F. Dell'Oro; C. L. Romanò; C. Champlon; G. Melegati
Two-stage revision is one of the most widely accepted procedures to eradicate infection and restore function in infected knee prosthesis; while the use of an articulated spacers is advocated by many as a means to preserve function between stages, no data are available regarding gait parameters after spacer implant. The aim of present study was to assess and compare the gait parameters of patients with articulated knee spacers with a normal reference population and with the sound limb.
Computerised gait analysis, was performed 8 to 14 weeks after the infected knee prosthesis had been removed and a preformed, articulated, knee spacer had been implanted, in 10 consecutive patients.
Kinematic data show a mean gait velocity reduction of 70% and a decrease of the range of motion of the operated knee of 59%, compared with controls. While ground reaction forces were only slightly reduced, frontal and sagittal moments and calculated powers around the affected knees were near zero or zero.
Our findings point out the ability of a preformed articulated spacer to preserve, although reduced, the normal gait parameters and joint range of motion and the capacity of the human body to provide useful postural modifications, even in the absence of the proprioceptive input from a normal knee or from a traditional total knee replacement.

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