Acta Orthopaedica, 89:4, 374-379, DOI: 10.1080/17453674.2018.1457885

Is gain in health-related quality of life after a total hip arthroplasty depended on the comorbidity burden?

Eva N Glassou, Alma B Pedersen, Peter K Aalund, Sebastian B Mosegaard & Torben B Hansen

Background and purpose — Using patient-reported health-related quality of life (HRQoL), approximately 10% of patients report some degree of dissatisfaction after a total hip arthroplasty (THA). The preoperative comorbidity burden may play a role in predicting which patients may have limited benefit from a THA. Therefore, we examined whether gain in HRQoL measured with the EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) at 3 and 12 months of follow-up depended on the comorbidity burden in THA patients

Patients and methods — 1,582 THA patients treated at the Regional Hospital West Jutland from 2008 to 2013 were included. The comorbidity burden was collected from an administrative database and assessed with the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI). The CCI was divided into 3 levels: no comorbidity burden, low, and high comorbidity burden. HRQoL was measured using the EQ-5D preoperatively and at 3 and 12 months’ follow-up. Association between low and high comorbidity burden compared with no comorbidity burden and gain in HRQoL was analyzed with multiple linear regression.

Results — All patients, regardless of comorbidity burden, gained significantly in HRQoL. A positive association between comorbidity burden and gain in HRQoL was found at 3-month follow-up for THA patients with a high comorbidity burden (coeff: 0.09 (95% CI 0.02 – 0.16)) compared with patients with no comorbidity burden.

Interpretation — A comorbidity burden prior to THA does not preclude a gain in HRQoL up to 1 year after THA.

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