The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 27, Issue 2, 293 - 298

Fungal Periprosthetic Hip and Knee Joint Infections

Anagnostakos, Konstantinos et al.
Hip Knee

Fungal periprosthetic joint infections are a rare entity in orthopedic surgery, and there exist no guidelines according to which these infections can be successfully managed. Between 2004 and 2009, 7 patients with fungal periprosthetic joint infections (4 total hip arthroplasties and 3 total knee arthroplasties) have been treated with a 2-stage protocol and implantation of antibiotic-loaded cement spacers. Most of the infection was caused by Candida species. Systemic antifungal agents were administered for 6 weeks in 6 cases and 6 months in 1 case. The mean spacer implantation time was 12 weeks. At a mean follow-up of 28 months (5-70 months), no persistence of infection or reinfection could be observed. A 2-stage treatment protocol with implantation of an antibiotic-loaded cement spacer is an efficient option in the treatment of fungal periprosthetic infections.

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