Frontal Plane Pelvic Motion during Gait Captures Hip Osteoarthritis Related DisabilityBolink SAAN, Brunton LR, van Laarhoven S, et al.
Gait analysis has widely been accepted as an objective measure of function and clinical outcome. Ambulatory accelerometer-based gait analysis has emerged as a clinically more feasible alternative to optical motion capture systems but does not provide kinematic characterisation to identify disease dependent mechanisms causing walking disability. This study investigated the potential of a single inertial sensor to derive frontal plane motion of the pelvis (i.e. pelvic obliquity) and help identify hip osteoarthritis (OA) related gait alterations. Patients with advanced unilateral hip OA (n = 20) were compared to patients with advanced unilateral knee OA (n = 20) and to a healthy control group (n = 20). Kinematic characterisation of frontal plane pelvic motion during gait demonstrated decreased range of motion and increased asymmetry for hip OA patients specifically.