The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 7, 1412 - 1416

Frailty Predicts Medical Complications, Length of Stay, Readmission, and Mortality in Revision Hip and Knee Arthroplasty

Traven, Sophia A. et al.
Hip Knee

Background

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the 5-factor modified frailty index (mFI-5) as a predictor of postoperative complications, readmission, and mortality in patients undergoing revision hip and knee arthroplasty.

Methods

A retrospective analysis of the American College of Surgeon’s National Surgical Quality Improvement Program’s database for patients undergoing revision total hip arthroplasty (rTHA) and revision total knee arthroplasty (rTKA) between the years 2005 and 2016 was conducted. The 5-factor score, which includes presence of comorbid diabetes, hypertension, congestive heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and functional status, was calculated for each patient. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to assess the relationship between the mFI-5 and postoperative complications while controlling for demographic variables.

Results

In total, 13,948 patients undergoing rTHA and 16,304 patients undergoing rTKA were identified. The mFI-5 was a strong predictor of serious medical complications (cardiac arrest, myocardial infarction, septic shock, pulmonary embolism, postoperative dialysis, reintubation, and prolonged ventilator requirement), discharge to a facility, total length of stay, readmission, and mortality ( P ≤ .007).

Conclusion

The mFI-5 predicts serious medical complications, increased length of stay, discharge to a facility, hospital readmission, and mortality in patients undergoing rTHA and rTKA. All the variables within the mFI-5 are easily obtained through the patient history, allowing for a practical clinical tool that hospitals and physicians can use to identify at-risk patients, educate and engage patients and their families in a shared decision-making conversation, and guide perioperative care in order to optimize patient outcomes.

Level of Evidence

III.

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