BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2019 20:263

Fourth-generation ceramic-on-ceramic THA results in improvements in midterm outcomes compared to third-generation THA but does not resolve noise problems: a cohort study of a single-hip system

Seung-Chan Kim, Young-Wook Lim, Woo-Lam Jo, Hyun-Woo Park, Sung-Bin Han, Soon-Yong Kwon & Yong-Sik Kim
Hip

Background

Using data from the Korean Hip Registry, we aimed to investigate mid-term clinical and radiographic outcomes, including the prevalence of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), osteolysis, and component loosening or dislocation, and to analyze the incidence of bearing-related complications following modern ceramic-on-ceramic (COC) total hip arthroplasty (THA) using a single cementless hip system.

Methods

Four hundred eighty-two patients (602 hips) who underwent Forte or Delta COC THAs with a single hip system and had a minimum 5-year follow-up were identified. The sample included 243 (50.4%) women and 239 (49.6%) men with a mean age of 50.6 years (range: 18–83 years). The Forte group comprised 310 hips, and the Delta group comprised 292 hips. The mean follow-up was 6.1 years (range: 5–10.2 years).

Results

Cup orientation did not differ between groups. No hip had a PJI or osteolysis in either group. All acetabular components and all but two femoral components (in the Delta group) were well fixed. Dislocations occurred in six (1.9%) hips in the Forte group and one (0.3%) hip in the Delta group (p = 0.124). A total of nine (1.5%) revisions were performed. The 5-year survival rates for all-cause revisions were 98.4 and 98.6%, respectively. One (0.3%) ceramic head fracture occurred in the Forte group. Sixteen (5%) hips exhibited clicking and 6 (2%) hips had squeaking in the Forte group; 16 (6%) hips exhibited clicking and 5 (2%) hips had squeaking in the Delta group. Multiple regression analysis revealed that noise generation was unassociated with any factor.

Conclusions

From the Korean Hip Registry data, THA with modern ceramic bearings showed encouraging results, with lower risks of PJI, osteolysis, and component loosening. In particular, Delta COC THA resulted in no PJI or ceramic fracture and had a reduced dislocation risk. However, associated noise remains a concern.


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