The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 9, 1953 - 1956

Fibromyalgia Increases the Risk of Surgical Complications Following Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Nationwide Database Study

Sodhi, Nipun et al.
Knee

Background

Although fibromyalgia is a common comorbidity with knee osteoarthritis, the orthopedic literature on this population is limited. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to assess if fibromyalgia patients have a higher likelihood of developing surgical complications after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) than a matched control cohort.

Methods

The Medicare Standard Analytical Files of the PearlDiver supercomputer was utilized to identify patients who underwent a TKA between 2005 and 2014. Patients were 1:1 propensity score matched based on the diagnosis of fibromyalgia, age, gender, and the Charlson Comorbidity Index, yielding a total of 305,510 patients. Odds ratios (ORs), 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs), and P-values (<.05) were calculated to examine the likelihood of developing any surgical complication, as well as specific surgical complications.

Results

Compared to a matched cohort, fibromyalgia patients had increased odds of developing any surgical complication (OR 1.55, 95% CI 1.51-1.60, P < .001), such as bearing wear (OR 2.11, 95% CI 1.48-3.01, P < .0001) and periprosthetic osteolysis (OR 1.71, 95% CI 1.10-2.66, P = .018). Furthermore, these patients had significantly greater odds of developing revision of tibial insert (OR 1.5, 95% CI 1.14-2.05, P = .046), mechanical loosening (OR 1.34, 95% CI 1.26-1.53, P < .0001), infection/inflammation (OR 1.33, 95% CI 1.26-1.14, P < .0001), dislocations (OR 1.33, 95% CI 1.21-1.47, P < .0001), as well as other complications (OR 1.74, 95% CI 1.68-1.80, P < .0001).

Conclusion

This analysis of over 300,000 patients identified that fibromyalgia patients can have a greater risk of developing certain surgical complications after TKA. Therefore, fibromyalgia patients must be made aware of the increased postoperative risks and surgeons should consider enhanced preoperative medical and surgical optimization.

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