The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 31, Issue 10, 2221 - 2226

Favorable Results of Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty With Acetabular Impaction Bone Grafting for Large Segmental Bone Defects in Dysplastic Hips

Iwase, Toshiki et al.
Hip

Background

The aim of the present study was to assess midterm results after acetabular impaction bone grafting (IBG) in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) with large acetabular segmental defect.

Methods

Primary THA with IBG for DDH with large acetabular segmental defect was performed in 40 hips of 38 patients. The average age was 61.6 years (range: 33-82 years), and the average follow-up period was 7.5 years (range: 3-10.3 years). The Merle d’Aubigné and Postel hip score and complications were assessed. For radiological assessment, postoperative location of the hip rotation center, the socket inclination angle, and the socket center-edge angle were assessed. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed with the end points of any type of reoperation and aseptic acetabular loosening.

Results

The mean Merle d’Aubigné and Postel hip score improved from 10.4 points to 16.2 points at the final follow-up. Reoperation was performed in 1 case for acute infection without loosening. In 39 out of 40 hips (97.5%), the center of hip rotation was located beneath the “high hip center.” The average socket inclination angle was 39.3° (range: 30°-54°), and the average socket center-edge angle was −11.8° (range: −23° to 9°). Survival rate of acetabular component at 8 years with the end point of any reoperation and of aseptic loosening was 96.6% (95% confidence interval: 89.9%-100%) and 100%, respectively.

Conclusion

Acetabular IBG represents one of the useful options for restoring a normal hip center and acetabular bone stock in primary THA for DDH with large acetabular defect.


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