The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 32, Issue 3, 919 - 923

Favorable Early Results of Impaction Bone Grafting With Reinforcement Mesh for the Treatment of Paprosky 3B Acetabular Defects

Waddell, Bradford S. et al.
Hip

Background

We present the early institutional experience with the use of impaction bone grafting, mesh augmentation, and cement fixation of an all-polyethylene cup for the treatment of Paprosky 3B acetabular defects during revision total hip arthroplasty.

Methods

Between 2005 and 2014, 21 patients (9 men, 12 women) with Paprosky 3B acetabular defects who underwent revision total hip arthroplasty using this technique were reviewed clinically and radiographically. Average age and body mass index were 72.4 (range, 48-91) years and 24.5 (range, 18.9-31) kg/m2, respectively. All patients underwent revision for aseptic loosening. Surgical technique included the use of a peripheral mesh to contain the defect, followed by impaction of morselized fresh-frozen bone graft and cement fixation of a polyethylene cup.

Results

Complications occurred in 6 patients (29%) including limp (2), sciatic nerve palsy that resolved (1), limb length discrepancy (1), and greater trochanteric fracture (1). After an average follow-up of 47 months (range, 13-128 months), the average Hospital for Special Surgery hip score was 35.5 (range, 20-40). Radiographic assessment revealed cephalad cup migration of 2.29 mm (range, 0-20 mm) and medial migration of 1.57 mm (range, 0-6 mm). One patient has radiographic loosening and no symptoms 120 months postoperatively. No patient returned to the operating room for a related reason or is scheduled to undergo acetabular re-revision surgery.

Conclusion

Impaction bone grafting is a reliable technique for the treatment of Paprosky 3B acetabular defects. It restores bone stock like no other available for addressing these defects. Longer follow-up is required to assess potential deterioration of fixation.


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