The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 28, Issue 10, 1822 - 1827

Failure Analysis of Alumina on Alumina Total Hip Arthroplasty With a Layered Acetabular Component

Kawano, Shunsuke et al.

This prospective study reports the outcome of total hip arthroplasty (THA) performed in a consecutive series of patients using an alumina ceramic on a ceramic-layered component (Alumina-Bearing-Surface system). The cohort consisted of 270 hips in 229 patients. The study evaluated the clinical and radiological results over a mean follow-up of 11.4 years. Revision THA was performed on 58 hips, including alumina alternative failure in 50 hips, loosening in 4 hips, recurrent dislocation in 2 hips, stem neck fracture in 1 hip and hematoma in 1 hip. The survival rate was 68% with revision for any reason as the end point. The risk factors of implant failure are the preoperative range of motion of the hip joint and postoperative dislocation.

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