The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 31, Issue 11, 2514 - 2519

Even the Intraoperative Knowledge of Femoral Stem Anteversion Cannot Prevent Impingement in Total Hip Arthroplasty

Weber, Markus et al.
Hip

Background

In this prospective study of 66 patients undergoing cementless total hip arthroplasty through a minimally invasive anterolateral approach, we evaluated the impact of an intraoperative hybrid combined anteversion technique on postoperative range of motion (ROM).

Methods

After navigation of femoral stem anteversion, trial acetabular components were positioned manually, and their position recorded with navigation. Then, final components were implanted with navigation at the goals prescribed by the femur-first impingement detection algorithm. Postoperatively, three-dimensional computed tomographies were performed to determine achieved component position and model impingement-free ROM by virtual hip movement, which was compared with published values necessary for activities of daily living. This model was run a second time with the implants in the position selected by the surgeon rather than the navigation program. In addition, we researched into risk factors for ROM differences between the freehand and navigated cup position.

Results

We found a lower flexion of 8.3° (8.8°, P < .001) and lower internal rotation of 9.2° (9.5°, P < .001) for the freehand implanted cups in contrast to a higher extension of 9.8° (11.8°, P < .001) compared with the navigation-guided technique. For activities of daily living, 58.9% (33/56) in the freehand group compared with 85.7% (48/56) in the navigation group showed free flexion (P < .001) and similarly 50.0% (28/56) compared with 76.8% (43/56) free internal rotation (P < .001). Body mass index, incision length, and cup size were identified as independent risk factors for reduced flexion and internal rotation in the freehand group.

Conclusion

For implementation of a combined anteversion algorithm, intraoperative alignment guides for accurate cup positioning are required using a minimally invasive anterolateral approach. Obese patients are especially at risk of cup malpositioning.


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