The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 7, 1498 - 1501
Evaluation of Endoscopic Iliopsoas Tenotomy for Treatment of Iliopsoas Impingement After Total Hip ArthroplastyCourtney D. Bell, Mark B. Wagner, Lian Wang, Kenneth R. Gundle, Lloyd E. Heller, Hanne A. Gehling, Paul J. Duwelius
Iliopsoas impingement after total hip arthroplasty (THA) occurs in up to 4.3% of patients resulting in functional groin pain. Operative treatment historically has included open iliopsoas tenotomy or acetabulum revision. We present a large single surgeon series of patients treated with endoscopic iliopsoas tenotomy for iliopsoas impingement after THA to evaluate the effectiveness and risks.
A consecutive series of 60 patients with iliopsoas impingement after THA treated with endoscopic iliopsoas tenotomy was retrospectively evaluated. Outcomes assessed were resolution of pain, change in Hip Outcome Score (HOS), and complications. Radiographs were reviewed by a musculoskeletal radiologist to evaluate component positioning and to compare with a control cohort.
At last follow-up (mean 5.5 months), 93.3% of patients had resolution of pain. The HOS activities of daily living (ADL) subscale mean was 57.5 (range 10.9-89.3, standard deviation [SD] 18.8) preoperatively and 71.6 (range 14.1-100, SD 26.1) postoperatively ( P = .005). The HOS sports subscale mean was 37.3 (range 0-83.3, SD 24.0) preoperatively and 58.1 (range 0-100, SD 33.2) postoperatively ( P = .002). One complication was reported, a postoperative hematoma managed conservatively. Body mass index and increased offset were associated with iliopsoas symptoms after THA in this series.
Endoscopic iliopsoas tenotomy after THA had a 93.3% resolution of pain, clinically important improvements in HOS, and low rate of complications. Endoscopic tenotomy should be considered as a treatment option in patients with iliopsoas impingement after THA.