J Orthop Surg Res 16, 64 (2021).

Elevated expression of MMP8 and MMP9 contributes to diabetic osteoarthritis progression in a rat model

Luo, S., Li, W., Wu, W. et al.

Background

Knowledge regarding the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis (OA) is very limited. Previous studies have shown that matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 8 and MMP9 were upregulated in patients with diabetic OA. However, their regulatory functions and mechanisms in diabetic OA are not fully understood.

Methods

Diabetic OA rats were constructed using a high-fat diet combined with streptozotocin (STZ) induction. Safranin O-Fast green staining was used to detect the pathological changes in rat knee cartilage. MMP8 and MMP9 overexpression vectors or siRNAs were injected into diabetic OA rats to overexpress or knockdown the expression of MMP8 and MMP9, which was verified by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). The expression of MMP8 and MMP9, chondrocyte differentiation markers collagen type II alpha 1 (COL2A1) and collagen type I alpha 1(COL1A1), and antiapoptotic protein BCL2 were detected using immunohistochemistry (IHC), and the number of apoptotic cells was detected by the transferase-mediated d-UTP nick-end-labeling (TUNEL) assay.

Results

High-fat diet combined with STZ-induced rats exhibited joint cartilage damage, morphological changes, and increased expression of MMP8 and MMP9. Overexpression of MMP8 and MMP9 in the joint cavity further aggravated the pathological morphological changes, decreased the expression of COL2A1 and COL1A1, increased the expression of BCL2, and promoted cell apoptosis in diabetic OA rats. The use of siRNA to inhibit MMP8 and MMP9 levels in the cartilage joints significantly reversed the decrease in COL2A1 and COL1A1 expression and partially reversed BCL2 expression and chondrocyte apoptosis.

Conclusion

MMP8 and MMP9 promoted rat diabetic OA model. The underlying mechanism may be related to inhibiting cartilage differentiation and promoting chondrocyte apoptosis.


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