The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 35, Issue 3, 824 - 830

Eighteen-Year Follow-Up Study of 2 Alternative Bearing Surfaces Used in Total Hip Arthroplasty in the Same Young Patients

Kim, Young-Hoo et al.
Hip

Background

This study compares the long-term functional, radiographic, and computed tomography scan outcomes and implant survivorship of ceramic-on-ceramic total hip arthroplasty (C-O-C THA) and ceramic-on-highly cross-linked polyethylene total hip arthroplasty (C-O-HXLPE THA) in the same patients.

Methods

In this randomized, prospective trial conducted between January 1999 and April 2003, 133 patients (266 hips) younger than 55 years were enrolled. Each patient received C-O-C THA in 1 hip and a C-O-HXLPE THA in the other. The mean follow-up was 17.1 years (range, 15-18 years); there were 84 men and 49 women with a mean age of 53 ± 7 years (range, 25-55 years).

Results

At the latest follow-up, mean Harris hip scores (94 vs 93 points; P = .861), pain scores (43 vs 42 points; P = .651), and patient satisfaction scores (7.8 vs 7.6 points; P = .379) were not different between the 2 groups. Eight hips (3%) in the C-O-C THA had an audible squeaking sound. The mean annual penetration rate of HXLPE was 0.0162 ± 0.032 mm per year. No osteolysis was recorded on radiographs or computed tomography scans in either group. At 17.1 years, the survival rate of the acetabular component was 97% in the C-O-C bearing group and 98% in the C-O-HXLPE bearing group (P = .923). The survival rate of the femoral component was 99% in both groups.

Conclusion

Both C-O-C THA and C-O-HXLPE THA functioned well, with no osteolysis at mean of 17.1-year follow-up.

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