The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 35, Issue 2, 477 - 484.e4

Effects of Chronic Kidney Disease on Hemiarthroplasty Outcomes for Fragility Hip Fracture in Diabetic Patients: A Nationwide Population-Based Observational Study

Lin, Su-Ju et al.
Hip

Background

The aim of this study is to compare perioperative outcomes, readmission, and mortality after hemiarthroplasty for hip fractures in diabetic patients with different renal function statuses.

Methods

In this retrospective population-based cohort study, diabetic patients who received primary hemiarthroplasty for hip fracture between January 1997 and December 2013 were identified from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Primary outcomes were perioperative outcomes including infection and revision. Secondary outcomes were all-cause readmission and mortality.

Results

A total of 29,535 diabetic patients were included: 8270 patients had chronic kidney disease (CKD group), 1311 patients underwent permanent dialysis (dialysis group), and 19,954 patients did not have CKD (non-CKD group). During a mean follow-up of 4.5 years, these 3 groups had comparable risks of any infection, including superficial and deep infection. Dialysis patients had a significantly higher risk of revision than did CKD and non-CKD patients (subdistribution hazard ratio 1.65, 95% confidence interval 1.16-2.36; subdistribution hazard ratio 1.57, 95% confidence interval 1.10-2.24, respectively). Compared with the non-CKD group, the dialysis group had significantly higher risks of readmission and mortality at all time points, namely 3 months after surgery, 1 year after surgery, and the final follow-up. The CKD group also had higher risks of readmission and mortality than did the non-CKD group at all time points.

Conclusion

CKD is associated with poor outcomes following hemiarthroplasty for fragility hip fracture. CKD patients may have higher risks of surgical complications including revision than non-CKD patients, and they have significantly elevated risks of readmission and mortality.

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