Effect of voluntary soft tissue tension and articular conformity after total knee arthroplasty on in vivo anteroposterior displacementY. Ishii; H. Noguchi; M. Takeda; H. Kiga; S. I. Toyabe
The in vivo relationship between the degree of voluntary soft tissue tension and articular conformity after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and anteroposterior (AP) displacement was simultaneously investigated by analyzing LCS prostheses (posterior cruciate ligament-sacrificing rotating platform design) in 20 knees from 20 patients. AP displacement was measured using the KT-2000 arthrometer, at 30° and 75° flexion, while patients were conscious and under anesthesia; 30° flexion was regarded as high conformity and 75° as low conformity. Mean displacements at 30° and 75° were 5.1 mm and 7.0 mm, respectively, in conscious patients, and 6.7 mm and 7.7 mm, respectively, in patients under anesthesia. AP displacement was significantly associated with soft tissue tension ( p = 0.026) and conformity ( p = 0.001). No interaction was observed between the two variables ( p = 0.193). Surgeons should recognize that AP displacement is greater in anesthetized patients than in conscious patients, regardless of the degree of conformity, and that higher conformity shows less displacement, regardless of the degree of soft tissue tension. These results may help surgeons to determine the intra-operative AP displacement required for proper postoperative displacement in the current prosthetic design.