The Knee, ISSN: 0968-0160, Vol: 14, Issue: 4, Page: 269-274

Effect of knee laxity on in vivo kinematics of meniscal-bearing knee prostheses

Ishii, Yoshinori; Noguchi, Hideo; Matsuda, Yoshikazu; Takeda, Mitsuhiro; Walker, Scott A; Komistek, Richard D
Knee

Introduction

This study determined the relationship between the in vivo kinematics and joint laxity of mobile-bearing knees.

Materials and methods

Ten subjects who were judged clinically successful after a posterior-cruciate-ligament-retaining mobile-bearing total knee arthroplasty were analyzed under dynamic conditions using fluoroscopy, following a quantitative evaluation of coronal and sagittal laxity using Telos and KT-2000 arthrometers under static conditions.

Results

Under static conditions, the anteroposterior laxity averaged 10.3 mm at 30° of flexion, and 8.3 mm at 75°. Abduction and adduction at full extension averaged 3.7 and 4.4 mm, respectively. Under dynamic conditions, 7/10 subjects demonstrated posterior femoral rollback of their lateral condyle moving from full extension to maximum knee flexion, and 8/10 experienced normal axial rotation patterns during deep knee bend activity. Furthermore, 7/10 subjects exhibited screw-home motion. 4/10 subjects experienced greater than 1.0 mm of condylar liftoff.

Conclusion

We could not predict a consistent relationship between the laxity and kinematics. The activity of the muscles and ligamentous tension under dynamic conditions might have a much greater effect on the kinematics with currently used prosthetic designs than the laxity of ligamentous structures under static conditions.

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