Does moderate or severe nonspecific knee injury affect radiographic osteoarthritis incidence and progression?. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 14, 309 (2013).

Does moderate or severe nonspecific knee injury affect radiographic osteoarthritis incidence and progression?

Sayre, E.C., Singer, J., Thorne, A. et al.
Knee

Background

Knee injuries can lead to radiographic osteoarthritis (ROA). Injuries may be “specific” (SI) including ligament or meniscal tears or patellar trauma, or “nonspecific” (NSI). Our objective is to understand the effect of knee NSI on ROA incidence and progression.

Methods

163 people (sample-weighted for population representativeness) aged 40+ with history of knee pain had radiographs assessed on Kellgren Lawrence (KL) grade (0/1 collapsed) at baseline and follow-up (median 3.2 years apart). Progression was an increase in KL score. SIs and NSIs were labeled “severe” (walking aid for ≥1 week) or “moderate”. One model treated SI and NSI as dichotomous (yes/no), and another as trichotomous (none/moderate/severe). Models were adjusted for age, sex, BMI, KL grade and follow-up time.

Results

SI/NSI history was none, moderate (7.8/24.4%) or severe (11.0/10.8%). Duration at baseline since SI/NSI ranged from <1 year to several decades (SI/NSI mean 4.6/6.5 years). SI was significantly associated with ROA incidence and progression (odds ratio (OR) = 2.90; 95% CI = 1.04, 8.09), but NSI showed no significant effect (OR = 1.36; 95% CI = 0.61, 3.02). In the trichotomous model, severe SI was significant (OR = 4.35, 95% CI = 1.26, 15.02), while moderate SI was not (OR = 1.51, 95% CI = 0.33, 6.84). NSI showed no effect: moderate OR = 1.51, 95% CI = 0.61, 3.74; severe OR = 0.90, 95% CI = 0.24, 3.40. This study had 80% power to detect an NSI OR of 2.9.

Conclusion

We find no evidence that history of NSI affects knee ROA incidence and progression in a population with knee pain, adjusting for SI, age, sex, BMI, KL grade and follow-up time.


Download article