Does Minimally Invasive Total Knee Arthroplasty Improve Isokinetic Torque?Liebensteiner, Michael, C., MD, PhD1, a; Krismer, Martin, MD1; Koller, Arnold, PhD2; Semenitz, Barbara, MD3; Mayr, Eckart, MD1
Background Less invasive dissection of the extensor apparatus, one of the aspects of minimally invasive surgical (MIS) TKA, might result in less reduction of postoperative quadriceps strength. However, it is unclear whether MIS is associated with less strength reduction.
Questions/purposes We asked whether knee strength (extensor or flexor torque) would be greater in patients having a MIS TKA compared with patients having a standard TKA and whether knee scores, alignment, ROM, tourniquet and operating times, and hospital length of stay were improved.
Methods We prospectively recruited 52 patients awaiting MIS or standard TKA, matched for age, weight, height, BMI, sex, and surgically treated side, but not randomized. Isokinetic tests were performed preoperatively and postoperatively to obtain peak values of extensor and flexor torque. Postoperative-to-preoperative ratios and the extensor-flexor torque ratio also were calculated.
Results Mean baseline extensor torques were 57 Nm and 53 Nm for MIS and standard TKAs, respectively. At 8 weeks postoperatively, absolute values of the mean postoperative knee extensor torque also were similar: 47 and 45 Nm for patients with MIS and standard TKAs, respectively. The postoperative-to-preoperative ratios were 0.8 for extensor and flexor torque in both groups. The extensor-flexor torque ratios were similar between groups.
Conclusions Our data suggest a less invasive dissection of the extensor apparatus involved in MIS TKA does not enhance postoperative quadriceps strength.
Level of Evidence Level III, therapeutic study. See Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.