The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 32, Issue 8, 2411 - 2416

Do Medial Pivot Kinematics Correlate With Patient-Reported Outcomes After Total Knee Arthroplasty?

Warth, Lucian C. et al.
Knee

Background

Many total knee arthroplasty (TKA) implants are designed to facilitate a medial pivot kinematic pattern. The purpose of this study was to determine whether intraoperative medial pivot kinematic patterns are associated with improved patient outcomes.

Methods

A retrospective review of consecutive primary TKAs was performed. Sensor-embedded tibial trials determined kinematic patterns intraoperatively. The center of rotation (COR) was identified from 0° to 90° and from 0° to terminal flexion, and designated medial-pivot or non-medial pivot based on accepted criteria. Patient-reported outcomes were measured preoperatively and at minimum one-year follow-up.

Results

The analysis cohort consisted of 141 TKAs. Mean age and median BMI were 63.7 years and 33.8 kg/m2, respectively. Forty-percent of TKAs demonstrated a medial pivot kinematic pattern intraoperatively. A medial pivot pattern was more common with posterior cruciate-retaining (CR) and posterior cruciate-substituting/anterior lipped (CS) implants when compared to posterior stabilized (PS) TKAs (P ≤.0150). Regardless of bearing type, minimum one-year Knee Society scores and UCLA activity level did not significantly differ based on medial vs non-medial pivot patterns (P ≥.292). For patients with posterior cruciate-sacrificing implants, there were trends for greater median improvement in Knee Society objective (46 vs 31.5 points, P =.057) and satisfaction (23 vs 14 points, P =.067) scores in medial pivot knees.

Conclusion

A medial pivot pattern may not significantly govern clinical success after TKA based on intraoperative kinematics and modern outcome measures. Further research is warranted to determine if a particular kinematic pattern promotes optimal clinical outcomes.


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