Do different types of bearings and noise from total hip arthroplasty influence hip-related pain, function, and quality of life postoperatively?Claus Varnum, Alma B Pedersen, Per Kjærsgaard-Andersen & Søren Overgaard
Background and purpose — Patient-reported outcome (PRO) is recognized as an important tool for evaluating the outcome and satisfaction after total hip arthroplasty (THA). We wanted to compare patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) scores from patients with ceramic-on-ceramic (CoC) THAs and those with metal-on-metal (MoM) THAs to scores from patients with metal-on-polyethylene (MoP) THAs, and to determine the influence of THA-related noise on PROM scores.
Patients and methods — We conducted a nationwide cross-sectional questionnaire survey in a cohort of patients identified from the Danish Hip Arthroplasty Registry. The PROMs included were: hip dysfunction and osteoarthritis and outcome score (HOOS), EQ-5D-3L, EQ VAS, UCLA activity score, and questions about noise from the THA. The response rate was 85% and the number of responders was 3,089. Of these, 45% had CoC THAs, 17% had MoM THAs, and 38% had MoP THAs, with a mean length of follow-up of 7, 5, and 7 years, respectively.
Results — Compared to MoP THAs, the mean PROM scores for CoC and MoM THAs were similar, except that CoC THAs had a lower mean score for HOOS Symptoms than did MoP THA. 27% of patients with CoC THAs, 29% with MoM THAs, and 12% with MoP THAs reported noise from their hip. For the 3 types of bearings, PROM scores from patients with a noisy THA were statistically significantly worse than those from patients with a silent MoP THA. The exception was noisy CoC and MoM THAs, which had the same mean UCLA activity score as silent MoP THAs.
Interpretation — A high proportion of patients reported noise from the THA, and these patients had worse PROM scores than patients with silent MoP THAs.