Dislocation of large-diameter head metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty and hip resurfacing arthroplastyMiettinen, S. S. A., Mäkinen, T. J., Laaksonen, I., Mäkelä, K., Huhtala, H., Kettunen, J. S., & Remes, V. (2019).
Dislocation of large-diameter head (LDH) metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip arthroplasty (THA) or hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA) is a rare complication. This study aimed to determine the incidence and risk factors for dislocation of LDH MoM THAs and HRAs.
This retrospective analysis considered 4038 cementless LDH MoM THAs and HRAs, 3207 THAs in 2912 patients and 831 HRAs in 757 patients. The end of follow-up was revision due to dislocation. Incidence of dislocation was evaluated from this study population of 4038, and study groups were formed. The study was designed as a case-control study, and a threefold stratified randomised control group was formed. Demographic data were collected and radiological analyses were performed in the study groups.
There were 26/3207 (0.8%) early dislocations in the THA group, and 6/831 (0.7%) in the HRA group (p = 0.9). Most LDH THA dislocations occurred in a group with head size ⩽ 38 mm (18/26) (p < 0.001). In dislocated hips, there were more dysplastic acetabula and post-traumatic hips than in the control group (p = 0.036). In the dislocation group, the mean acetabulum component anteversion angle was 19.6° (standard deviation [SD] 13.4°) and in the control group it was 23.2° (SD 10.4°) (p = 0.006); 7/32 (21.8%) of dislocated THAs needed revision surgery, and mean time to revision from the index surgery was 1.2 (SD 2.6) years.
Dislocations occurred more often in THAs of head size ⩽ 38 mm and with a smaller anteversion angle of the acetabulum component. Hip dysplasia and post-traumatic osteoarthritis were more common in patients with dislocation.