The Journal of Arthroplasty , Volume 34 , Issue 4 , 656 - 662

Differences in Perioperative Outcomes and Complications Between African American and White Patients After Total Joint Arthroplasty

Stone, Andrea H. et al.
Hip Knee

Background

Racial disparities in healthcare utilization and outcomes have been reported and have wide-reaching implications for individual patient and healthcare system; as providers we bear an ethical burden to address this disparity and provide culturally competent care. This study will examine the influence of race on length of stay, discharge disposition, and complications requiring reoperation following total joint arthroplasty (TJA).

Methods

Single institution retrospective analysis of a consecutive series of 7208 primary TJA procedures performed between July 2013 and June 2017 was conducted. Chi-squared and t-tests were used to quantify differences between the groups and multiple logistic regression was used to identify race as an independent risk factor.

Results

In total, 6182 (84.3%) white and 1026 (14.0%) African American (AA) patients were included. AA patients were younger (63.62 vs 66.84 years, P < .001), more likely female (68.8% vs 57.0%, P < .001), had a longer length of stay (2.19 vs 2.00 days, P < .001), more likely to experience septic complications (1.3% vs 0.5%, P = .002) and manipulation under anesthesia (3.9% vs 1.8%, P < .001), and less likely to discharge home (67.1% vs 81.1%, P< .001). Multiple logistic regression showed that AA patients were more likely to discharge to a facility (adjusted odds ratio 2.63, 95% confidence interval 2.19-3.16, P < .001) and experience a manipulation under anesthesia (adjusted odds ratio 1.90, 95% confidence interval 1.26-2.85, P = .002).

Conclusion

AA patients undergoing TJA were younger with longer length of stay and a higher rate of nonhome discharge; AA race was identified as an independent risk factor. Further study is required to understand the differences identified in this study. Targeted interventions should be developed to attempt to eliminate the disparity.


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