The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 27, Issue 1, 48 - 54

Deformation of 1-Piece Metal Acetabular Components

Springer, Bryan D. et al.

The success of metal bearings is dependent on several parameters. The effects of in vivo forces on the deformation of monoblock acetabular components have yet to be determined. The purpose of our study was to assess the amount of deformation with press-fit fixation of 1-piece metal acetabular components. Four manufacturers provided 1-piece metal acetabular components in each size (30 cups). Testing was conducted using a custom vise to simulate press-fit fixation, and measurements were performed with a Mitutoyo Test device (Aurora, Ill). Previously determined in vivo forces were used in the press-fit simulation. All components deformed under simulated in vivo applied loads. Component deformation ranged from 15 to 300 µm. Larger cups with thinner walls to accommodate larger heads had the greatest deformation and often exceeded the range of reported clearances from the manufacturers (76-227 µm).

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