Correlation of MARS MRI findings with cup position, metal ion levels and function in metal-on-metal total hip arthroplastyKoutalos, A. A., Toms, A. P., Cahir, J. G., & Smith, E. J. (2020).
Metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip arthroplasties (THAs) have been linked with increased incidence of pseudotumours and revision rate. magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is useful in diagnosing adverse reaction to metal debris (ARMD) disease but it is not known if MRI findings correlate with cup position.
Patients and methods:
From a cohort of 79 MoM THA, 34 MRI studies were available. MRI was classified according to Anderson classification. Mean follow-up was 7.1 years. Evaluation included cup position including margin of safety, measurement of metal ion levels and evaluation of function.
44% of patients had definite ARMD. We did not find any correlation between MRI stage and Co, Cr, margin of safety (MOS) or functional scores. However, patients with a margin of safety angle < 21° had more severe findings in MRI.
Patients with MoM THA experience high degree of ARMD. In our study, the disease did not correlate with metal ion levels but correlated with cup position, evaluated with the MOS angle.