The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 36, Issue 2, 478 - 487

Coronal Alignment of Fixed-Bearing Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty Femoral Component May Affect Long-Term Clinical Outcomes

Khow, Yong Zhi et al.
Knee

Background

This study aims to investigate the clinical effects of femoral component coronal alignment in a cohort of fixed-bearing unicompartmental knee arthroplasty with clinical and radiological follow-up of 10 years.

Methods

Prospectively collected registry data of 264 consecutive, cemented, primary fixed-bearing medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasties performed at a single institution from 2004 to 2007 were reviewed. Femoral component coronal angle (FCCA), tibial component coronal angle, and hip-knee-ankle angle were measured on postoperative radiographs. Patients were grouped into acceptable (AG ≤ 3°) and outlier (OG > 3°) groups according to absolute FCCA. Clinical assessment at 6-month, 2-year, and 10-year follow-up was performed using Knee Society Knee and Function Scores, Oxford Knee Score (OKS), and Short Form-36. Fulfillment of expectations, satisfaction, and implant survivorship was recorded.

Results

There was no significant difference in demographics, tibial component coronal angle, hip-knee-ankle angle, and sagittal parameters in both groups. The OG had poorer OKS at 10 years and a larger deterioration from 2 to 10 years compared to AG ( P = .02). Increase in FCCA was associated with deterioration in 2-year OKS (adjusted ß = 0.23, P = .01), 10-year OKS (adjusted ß = 0.26, P = .03), and 2-year Short Form-36 physical component score (adjusted ß = −0.44, P = .01). Expectation fulfillment at 2 years was lower in the OG vs the AG (88% vs 100%, P = .03). Both groups had similar 10-year survivorship (99% vs 98%, P = .65).

Conclusions

FCCA may affect long-term clinical outcomes, but not short-term clinical outcomes nor 10-year survivorship. Given similar limb alignment, coronal and sagittal component positioning, a larger FCCA was associated with poorer outcomes at 10-year follow-up.

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