The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 29, Issue 2, 325 - 328

Continuing Clopidogrel During Elective Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty: Assessment of Bleeding Risk and Adverse Outcomes

Jacob, Adam K. et al.
Hip Knee

Limited research assessing risks of continued clopidogrel perioperatively in patients undergoing elective orthopedic procedures exists. Patients that underwent elective primary or revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA) from 2007 to 2012 while taking clopidogrel at the time of surgical evaluation were retrospectively identified. Patient demographics, last dose of clopidogrel, intraoperative blood loss, blood transfusion, and presence of 30-day adverse cardiac events (ACE) were collected. Of 142 patients meeting criteria, 24 (16.9%) patients remained on clopidogrel perioperatively. Patients that continued clopidogrel were more likely to receive a blood transfusion within 24 hours of surgery (31.8% vs. 7.7%; P = 0.004) and during hospitalization (37.5% vs. 15.3%; P = 0.02), but the incidence of 30-day ACE was not significantly different. Continuation of clopidogrel perioperatively for elective THA or TKA should be carefully considered.

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