Contemporary rotating hinge arthroplasty can safely be recommended in complex primary surgeryNeri, T., Boyer, B., Papin, PE. et al.
The objective was to evaluate clinical and radiological outcomes, survival rate and complications of primary contemporary rotating hinged total knee arthroplasty (CRH-TKA).
Through a national multicenter retrospective study (14 centers), 112 primary CRH-TKA performed between 2006 and 2011 were included. Indications were: severe frontal plane deformity (55%), inflammatory, constitutional, congenital or post-trauma arthritis (26%), ligament laxity (10%), primary osteoarthritis (9%). Population was elderly (68 ± 13), sedentary (37.5% with a Devane score ≥ 3) and with important comorbidities (87% with ASA score ≥ 2). A clinical (KSS, Oxford scores) and radiological evaluation (implant loosening), as well as survival and reoperation rates assessment, were performed.
At last follow-up (7 ± 3 years), KSS and Oxford scores were 64 ± 43 and 33 ± 10 each with a significant improvement of both scores overtime (respectively, p = 0.047 and p < 0.001). Twenty-eight complications (25%) were reported: 12 infections, 6 stiffness, 5 aseptic loosening and 5 patellofemoral instabilities. All in all, 91% (n = 102) of implants were still sealed and in place, 6% (n = 7) required revision and 3% (n = 3) were loose but could not undergo revision due to weak general health status. Mortality rate (18%, n = 20), linked to comorbidities, was high.
Clinical outcomes and survival of primary CRH-TKA are acceptable given the difficult and complex clinical situations it faced, but with high infection rate. In primary surgery, for patients with severe deformity, bone loss or ligament laxity, the use of CRH-TKA can be recommended. The choice of these implants must remain cautious and limited to situations not allowing the use of less constrained implants.
Level of evidence
Retrospective therapeutic and cohort study, Level III; retrospective case series, Level IV.