The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 7, S282 - S286

Constrained Liner Revision Is Less Effective With Each Subsequent Constrained Liner Revision at Preventing Instability

Nicholas M. Hernandez, Rafael J. Sierra, Robert T. Trousdale
Hip

Background

Constrained liners are used to treat recurring total hip arthroplasty dislocations in certain patients. Little is known about the fate of constrained liner revisions. The aim of this study is to evaluate the rate and survivorship free of revision for mechanical failure of constrained liners in patients who were revised to their first, second, and third constrained liners.

Methods

From 1989 to 2016, using our institution’s total joint registry, we identified 554 revisions to a first constrained liner. Of the 554, 40 had mechanical failure of their index constrained liner and had revision to a second constrained liner. Of the 40, 13 had mechanical failure of their second constrained liner and had revision to a third constrained liner. Patients included in the failure analysis had minimum 2-year follow-up, with a mean follow-up of 5.5 years.

Results

In patients receiving their first, second, and third constrained liners, the survivorship free of revision for mechanical failure at 4 years was 90%, 52%, and 28%, respectively. Patients with a second and third constrained liner were more likely to have a revision for mechanical failure (second odds ratio 8, P < .0001; third odds ratio 10, P < .0001) compared to those receiving their first constrained liner. Using a different constrained liner did not decrease the risk of failure.

Conclusion

After revision to a second or third constrained liner there is high rate of mechanical failure. When a total hip arthroplasty becomes unstable after constrained liner, surgeons should exercise caution before revising to another constrained liner.

Download article