Surgeons do not give enough weight to the effects of bowing of the sagittal femoral shaft in total knee arthroplasty (TKA), which can result in damage to the cortex, fractures, or malalignment of the femoral component. To determine gender differences in bowing, we used spiral computed tomography to scan the femurs of 26 men and 47 women older than 50 years who required TKA. Skeletal extraction of the total sagittal femoral shaft from computed tomographic images was done by a matrix laboratory. The extracted curves were evenly divided into 3 sections. Comparison of the curvature on different sections of the same side of the femur showed that the distal third was significantly bowed. In addition, the curvature of the distal third was significantly larger in women than in men. Such morphological characteristics put forward new requirements in how intramedullary guide rods are used in TKA.
The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 27, Issue 6, 1216 - 1220
Computed Tomographic Measurement of Gender Differences in Bowing of the Sagittal Femoral Shaft in Persons Older Than 50 YearsLu, Zhi-Hua et al.