The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 12, 2968 - 2971

Complications and Costs Are Not Increased After Total Hip Arthroplasty in Patients With a History of Prostate Cancer

Rosas, Samuel et al.


Prostate cancer (PCa) is a largely prevalent disease in the United States. Moreover, it is unclear whether the thromboembolic burden of disease remains present after the cancer has been treated and whether such state impacts the short-term outcomes of orthopedic procedures. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to assess 90-day postoperative complications and costs after total hip arthroplasty (THA) for osteoarthritis in patients with a history of PCa.


Two groups of patients who underwent THA for osteoarthritis in the Medicare Standard Analytical Files were identified through the PearlDiver server. Both groups were matched based on age, diabetes, smoking status, chronic kidney disease, alcohol abuse, chronic liver disease, and obesity in order to create a case-control study comparison. The 90-day complication rates after THA were compared using univariate regressions (odds ratio). We hypothesized that patients with a history of PCa would develop increased rates of thromboembolic complications based on a prolonged procoagulative state.


After matching, each group was comprised of 62,571 patients. Our findings identified greater 90-day pneumonia rates for those without a history of PCa (3.26% vs 2.68%; odds ratio, 0.82). All other complications including thromboembolic diseases were clinically comparable in both groups during the 90-day postoperative period. The charges and reimbursements for the 90-day period were also comparable.


In our large case-control study of 125,142 patients, we found that patients with a history of PCa do not have increased risk of short-term complications after THA and that the mean 90-day reimbursements were similar for both groups at $14,153 for PCa patients and $14,033 for those without ( P = .114).

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