The Knee, ISSN: 1873-5800, Vol: 21, Issue: 6, Page: 1238-43

Comparison of MRI- and CT-based patient-specific guides for total knee arthroplasty

Asada, Shigeki; Mori, Shigeshi; Matsushita, Tetsunao; Nakagawa, Koichi; Tsukamoto, Ichiroh; Akagi, Masao
Knee

Background

The patient-specific guide for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is created from the data provided by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scans. It remains unknown which imaging technology is suitable for the patient-specific guide. The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy of implant positioning and operative times between the two types of patient-specific guides for TKA.

Methods

Forty arthritic knees were divided into two treatment groups using MRI-based (PS-MRI group) or CT-based (PS-CT group) patient-specific guides in this prospective, comparative study. The guide in the PS-MRI group had a cutting slot, whereas that in the PS-CT group only had a pin locator. The operative times were compared between the two groups. The angular error and number of outliers (deviations > 3°) of the implant position using pre- and postoperative CT were investigated in both groups.

Results

The mean operative time was significantly shorter in the PS-MRI group (109.2 ± 16.5 min) than in the PS-CT group (129.5 ± 19.4 min) ( p < 0.001). There were no significant differences in the accuracy of the implant position regarding the coronal, sagittal, and axial planes between the groups ( p > 0.05).

Conclusions

To reduce the operative time, guides with additional functions, such as cutting and positioning, should be used. Both CT- and MRI-based-guides would result in the same accuracy in three planes but high inaccuracy in the sagittal plane. The use of patient-specific guide based on MRI might not be cost-effective.
Level of evidence: level 2.

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